Initial jobless claims reflect the weekly amount of the relevant claims. These data are published on each Thursday.
We can’t say that this indicator can credibly show the current state of the country’s economy. This is because such news changes very frequently. For this reason, they are prone to the domestic short-term factors of the national economy.
In the practical work investors pay attention to the initial jobless claims data when there are no other important events in a country. For example, during holidays numbers of jobless claims grow, but it doesn’t mean that there are problems in the country. In the usual circumstances numbers of claims have to decrease with each period. It indicates that the economy is healthy, and that it has new jobs created.